US Trade Representative “Surprised and Disappointed” Statement from Latest NAFTA Talks—Annotated and Explained

Chad P. Bown (PIIE), Caroline Freund (PIIE) and Melina Kolb (PIIE)

US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer declared in his closing remarks at the NAFTA renegotiations in October 2017: "I am surprised and disappointed by the resistance to change from our negotiating partners on both fronts." PIIE trade experts Chad P. Bown and Caroline Freund explain, in their own handwritten notes on his statement, why he at least should not have been surprised.