Douglas A. Irwin, nonresident senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics since February 2018, is the John French Professor of Economics at Dartmouth College. He is a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He served on the staff of the President's Council of Economic Advisers in 1986–87 and in the Division of International Finance at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System from 1988–91. Prior to joining the faculty at Dartmouth, Irwin taught at the business school at the University of Chicago.
Irwin has written widely on trade policy. The Financial Times has called Irwin "one of the world's foremost trade scholars" for his work on past and present trade policy. He is author of Clashing over Commerce: A History of US Trade Policy (University of Chicago Press, 2017), a comprehensive study of the politics and economics of US trade policy that was selected by the Economist as one of its Books of the Year in 2017. He is also author of Free Trade Under Fire (Princeton University Press, fourth edition 2015), Trade Policy Disaster: Lessons from the 1930s (MIT Press, 2012), Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression (Princeton University Press, 2011), Against the Tide: An Intellectual History of Free Trade (Princeton University Press, 1996). In addition to many scholarly articles on trade, he has written for a broader audience as well, such as his article "The False Promise of Protectionism: Why Trump's Trade Policy Could Backfire" for Foreign Affairs (May/June 2017).
He earned a PhD in economics from Columbia University and received his BA from the University of New Hampshire.